Tel Aviv is Israel's first city and is located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline in west-central Israel. It is the second largest city in Israel and is considered a global city with 24-hour culture, beaches, bars, restaurants, cafés, parks, shopping, cosmopolitan lifestyle, landmark neighborhoods. It is also one of Israel's economic and cultural hubs.
The City of Tel Aviv was founded by the Jewish community of Jaffa in 1909. The city started out with 66 homes, five streets, a school and a water system. The city grew over the next few years until the explusion of the Jews of Jaffa and Tel Aviv in 1917. In May 1921, riots erupted in Jaffa causing many of the Jews to move to neighboring Tel Aviv. The city grew to a population of 34,000 by 1925. The rise of the Nazis once again caused the population of Tel Aviv to increase with the immigration of Jews from Europe. By 1937, the population has increased to 150,000. Within two years, it had reached 160,000, which was over a third of the country's total Jewish population. When Israel declared Independence on 14 May 1948, the population of Tel Aviv was over 200,000 and the city continued to grow. Today, Tel Aviv is the largest and most populous city in the metropolitan area of Gush Dan, with a population of 3.3 million residents as of 2010.
Tel Aviv has different types of architecture from the historical Bauhaus style from the 1950s to skyscrapers such as the Azrieli Towers built in the 21 century. The city has large green areas and beautiful beaches. Israel's Stock Exchange sits in Tel Aviv as do many of Israel's museums and theaters.
Tel Aviv has a Mediterranean climate with hot, humid summers, unpredictable springs and autumns, and cool, rainy winters. Humidity tends to be high year-round due to ocean breeze.
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