Shabbat observance is the fourth of the Ten Commandments:
Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your G-d. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.
The whole week we work hard and on Shabbat we have an opportunity to rest and be with G-d and our families and friends. Tradtional families spend time in synagogue, wear nicer clothes and eat three elaborate meals in honor of the day. Encouraged activities include studying Torah, singing Shabbat songs, napping and intimacy between husband and wife.
Important rituals include lighting two candles to usher in the Shabbat. At meal times, the Kiddush blessing is recited over wine and Challah is served. The Havdala is the service in which Shabbat is concluded until the next week.
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